German Bombers in WW2

German Bombers in WW2

German World War II bombers were first and foremost aggressive weapons, and they reflected the fundamental role of the Luftwaffe: tactical ground support.

Therefore these airplanes were designed primarily to fit this task. As such they were successful, but their failure became only too evident when they were required to perform other roles, for example strategic bombing. […]

Dive Bombers of Luftwaffe

Dive Bombers of Luftwaffe

Dive bombers, the principal German weapon of aggression, played a vital role in the victorious German campaigns of 1939–1941, as the Blitzkrieg doctrine involved close integration of tactical air power and mechanized army units on the ground. The combination of Panzer mobility and Stuka firepower seemed to be unstoppable, and enabled the German ground force to hold the initiative […]

Ground Attack Aircraft in Luftwaffe

Ground Attack Aircraft in Luftwaffe

Ground attack is the use of aircraft to provide close support to troops in the battlefield. The effectiveness of air attack on ground targets, in term of destructiveness and lethality, was considerably less than might be expected from the quantity of firepower that can be mounted on a relatively small aircraft. […]

MiG-29 History

MiG-29 History – Born of “Fulcrum”

The shock came when the CIA in Langley, USA, looked through data sent by their surveillance satellites from Ramenscoye aircraft test facility in Russia, at this time still the USSR and a potent enemy to NATO. According to rumors the USSR was going to introduce a new aircraft generation (MiG-29) with a performance equal to that of new NATO aircraft such as the F15 and F16. Nobody really believed in them, because the USSR was said to lack the experience and the abilities to develop such a high-tech aircraft. As the intelligence officer went through the data, he could hardly believe his eyes. He found signs of an aircraft at Ramenscoye ramp with a fuselage shape somewhat similar to an F15 but smaller in size. It received “RAM-L” as code-name for being a test aircraft from Ramenscoye and not yet in use with the Soviet Air Force. […]

Tomcat Users

Besides Iran, six foreign countries were initial­ly briefed on the F-14, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Japan opting Instead for the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle; while Australia, Canada, and Spain decided on the McDonnell Douglas/Northrop F/A-18 Hornet. The major reason for the decisions was cost, both of ini­tial procurement, and the recurring mainte­nance and training expenses to properly care for such a complex weapons system.

 The British Royal Air Force (RAF) was briefed on the F-14 as a potential replacement for the Tornado Air Defense Variant (ADV – then called the Tornado F.2) during 1976. The RAF received the briefing along with ones regarding the F-15 and F-16, and concluded that only the F-14 truly met the service’s needs for a long range interceptor.  […]

Mirage 2000

The history of the Hellenic AF Mirage 2000 dates back to 1988, when the first examples of the French-buiIt fighter touched down at Tanagra in central Greece.The Mirage 2000 force, divided into two squadrons, 331 and 332 Mira, […]

The F-15E in ‘Desert Storm’ – 2 – Hunt

The Great ‘Scud’ Hunt

Although unknown at the time, Saddam Hussein was hiding his mobile ‘Scuds ‘in specially adapted buses and underneath road bridges, and the Iraqis were inventive and highly skilled […]

Croatian Air Force – Future


After passing a screening process, Croatian cadets attend university for five semesters before returning to Zadar for another four semesters and initial flying training on Zlin […]

Croatian Air Force – Firefighting

In order to protect the Adriatic coastline and the islands from natural as well as man-made fires during the summer season, the HRZ (Croatian AF) operates a squadron of […]

Croatian Air Force – Intro to Airdefense


The Homeland War, as the Croatian War of Independence is known locally, broke out in August 1990 around the Serb-dominated city of Knin, well before the official foundation of the […]