The AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to- Air Missile (AMRAAM) was developed jointly by the US Air Force and Navy to succeed the AIM-7 Sparrow III. A 1980 Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) between the United States, Great Britain, and (West) Germany agreed that the medium-range missile would also be produced in Europe. Non way signed the MOU in 1989 and France has observer status within the European group.
The General Motors -Hughes AIM-120A began full-scale development in December 1981. Flight tests began 1985 and series production of an initial purchase of 105 missiles began in October 1987. […]